Royal Palm Tree

Royal Palm Tree

Royal Palm Tree

23/11/2020

Royal Palm Tree

The royal palm tree is perfect for giving your yard that "little slice of paradise!"

It is one of the most prestigious looking and most recognizable of all the palms in the world.



They are often chosen by tropical resorts, hotels and communities to line the streets or driveways because their roots won't break through roads or sidewalks.

Growing

They grow in tropical areas with a lot of moisture and do not do well in places that can get to the freezing point.

If it becomes dry they will need some supplemental watering.

A bonus- they will grow in a variety of different soils but will need full sun as they mature. 

It's fine if there's only part sun when they are still small.

If you are thinking about using this tree in your landscape then plan accordingly. They can get to heights of up to 100 ft or so.

At least when you are planning locations, you can be sure these trees will grow straight up and down. Their trunks won't bend every which way like coconut palms will.

This is another reason they are so popular for lining driveways and streets. You can predict exactly where they will grow.

If your location is such that you can't plant them in your yard- there are many artificial palms manufactured to look like them-but of course not to scale.

Appearance

There a few different types of the royal palm tree.



Within the group there are the Florida and Cuban.

They even share the same scientific name of Roystonea regia.

They have similar characteristics like long feathery leaves-although when you are looking up at them they don’t seem that large on the tree.

Once pruned or have fallen you quickly realize they are huge. Some get to be 12-15 ft long.

That’s a lot of green and also one reason they are often used in the thatch roofs.

With leaves this size they provide some real strength once woven together, allowing the roofs to last upwards of 10 years.

One other thing the royal palm does is- it sheds its leaves fairly easily in high winds like hurricanes.

Their trunk is not as flexible as the coconut palm and therefore to prevent being blown down in high winds, they let leaves go on their own.

The royal palm produces flowers and fruit.

There are both male and female on the same tree.

Birds and bees are needed to pollinate the flowers to produce the seeds. Royals can only reproduce from pollinated seeds.

There are a couple of royals living out back of our place in the Dominican Republic, and they are home to many birds.

The birds are constantly adding to the nests they’ve built around the flower/seed strands. Talk about huge nests!



There has to be quite a bit of strength in the stems of seeds to hold them up there. When the stem finally falls, the birds are back to building on the next set of flower stems that develop. The fruits/seeds are pretty small compared to a lot of palms their size. Royal palm tree trunks are quite smooth too, showing the rings of leaves past.



The sheath part of a leaf is really easy to spot on the trunk.

This part of the tree is used in protecting sides of buildings and underside of many thatched roofs.

The trunk is usually a light grey color and the sheath or crown-shaft is green.

Just look a couple of feet below the leaves.

The sheath of every leaf wraps right around the whole trunk.

Some have a uniformly shaped bulge in the trunk somewhere in the middle of the tree.

This can be an indication of what the growing conditions were like when that part of the tree was formed.

There are others varieties of the royal palm tree that will have the bulge at the base of the trunk instead.

You can't help but admire these majestic looking trees.





Florida Royal Palm



Cuban Royal Palm



Quick Info

Scientific name: Roystonea regia

>80-100 ft tall, 20 ft wide, single trunk

>Minimum temp 32 F   zones 10-11

>Full sun, part shade when very young

>Any soil, but likes some organic matter

>Water needs moderate to high-it will thrive in wet swampy areas and high humidity


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